Only two studies to date show positive reactions to adolescent female/adult male relationships, with one saying 44.4% viewed these relationships as predominantly positive. A Star-Ledger analysis reported that, for various reasons, men average longer jail terms.An analysis of 97 cases in New Jersey over a decade showed that 54% of male suspects were sent to prison vs 44% of female suspects, with an average of 2.4 years vs 1.6 years respectively.In some jurisdictions (such as California and Michigan), if two minors have sex with each other, they are both guilty of engaging in unlawful sex with the other person.The act itself is prima facie evidence of guilt when one participant is incapable of legally consenting.
The law mandates that even if he or she willingly engages in sexual intercourse, the sex is not consensual.
In some jurisdictions, relationships between adults and minors are penalized more when both are the same sex.
For example, in Kansas, if someone 18 or older has sex with a minor no more than four years younger, a Romeo and Juliet law limits the penalty substantially.
Although it usually refers to adults engaging in sexual contact with minors under the age of consent, it is a generic term, and very few jurisdictions use the actual term statutory rape in the language of statutes. In statutory rape, overt force or threat is usually not present.
Statutory rape laws presume coercion, because a minor or mentally handicapped adult is legally incapable of giving consent to the act.